What about GPS? Other required equipment need not be of an approved type. I'm currently doing my IR(R) and am interested to find out what the minimum equipment is that I would need to fly in controlled (D+E) airspace under IFR. Following the standard EASA NPA consultation process, it is expected to include requirements and acceptable means of Fuel requirements for a given flight profile, be it Visual Flight Rules (VFR) or Instrument Flight Rules (IFR) flight, are published in the regulations produced by the National Aviation Authority (National Aviation Authority (NAA)) for the country of aircraft registration. References Commission Implementing Rule (IR) (EU) No 1207/2011 Commission Implementing Rule (IR) (EU) No 1028/2014 (Amendment of 1207/2011) ADS-B ADS-B (1090ES) will be mandated from 7 January 2017 for aircraft with MTOM > 5700 kg and Max cruise TAS > 250 Kts with an individual certificate of airworthiness first issued on or after 8 June 2016. You will learn the procedures used to execute the various IFR approaches as well as the procedures for IFR departure, en-route and arrival operations. Revalidation of the qualification for IFR flights - EASA instrument rating. You will learn to analyze weather information, conditions, and trends while on the ground and in flight. A Guidance Material probably had to be used for this, because older certification requirements did not require one and some installs are not even available (like the shoulder harness requirement that was corrected in the last minute before Part-NCO came into force, which thankfully prevented a large portion of European aircraft from being grounded). Hi Christian, thank you for your comments. The scope of utilisation of the aircraft, previously issued by FOCA, is being overridden by the new legal basis for an aircraft concerned by … - First, you need to review the list of mandatory devices in order to operate your flight in the given airspace you will use : the device list is much longer then... I also haven't found any request for a second altimeter. Base flight plans and trip fuel on lengthy IFR departure and arrival routing procedures (longest RNAV SID to longest RNAV STAR). The conclusion seems to be that the equipment needs to match the requirements of the flight, i.e. EASA issue a proposal for Basic IFR this week. EASA has assumed responsibility on behalf of the EU for certification and oversight of all civil aviation products of Member States, including non-EU EASA associated countries, except for . The Instrument Rating – IR(A) course entry requirements are as follows: Fly under Instrument Flight Rules in any kind of weather according to the minimum IFR.The IR allows you to fly in low visibility weather conditions, according to Instrument Flight Rules (IFR) with a minimum decision height of 60m (200feet) .Once you complete your Instrument Rating training, you will get your IR/SE(A) qualification added on your EASA Private Pilot License – PPL(A).The Instrument Rating extends the privileges of PPL(A) to flying under Instrument Flight Rules in any kind of weather according to the minimum IFR.After completing your Instrument Rating (A), you can also extend the privileges to multi-engine piston aircraft. For aircraft certified before 8 June 2016 with the same MTOM and max cruise speed class ADS-B will be mandated after 7 June 2020 . Operate the airplane within its limitations, Complete all maneuvers with smoothness and accuracy, Maintain control of the airplane at all times, Respect all regulations and limitation specific of IFR flights, Instructor time for practical training only. The duration of IR(A) training depends on the trainee’s time availability for both theoretical and practical training and the average duration is 2 months. Emphasis will be placed on advanced human factors and physiological factors directly related to instrument flying. Option 1 – Step 3 of the process above. Procedural instrument flight module covers: The practical examination include and flight preparation and the flight part itself with an examiner, you will need to demonstrate your ability to: The course price starts from 9127 EUR. The requirements are based on JAR-VLA. The price includes all components needed for being able to comply with the IR(A) issuance requirementsTraining fees are covering the following items and services: *All training fees are bound to the actual exchange rates of the local currency of the Flying Academy base where the training or a part of the training is provided. In the real world, these routings may rarely occur, thus introducing some conservatism into the trip fuel calculation. 14 CFR § 91.171 - VOR equipment check for IFR operations. If you can't meet the takeoff minimums or climb requirements, you have the option to decline the clearance and see what other options ATC has for you. Minimum equipment required; for IFR flight Just given up trying to access JAR/EU OPS K&L and ANO 4 online...so came here to ask! Rules requirements –27.1316 (lightning), 27.1317 (HIRF), Appendix “B” (IFR) & 135 Ops. An candidate for the EASA instrument rating IR(A) shall demonstrate to the flight examiner IRE (A) ability to perform the procedures and maneuvers appropriate for flight according to the IFR - instrument flying rules for specific airplane type, (e.g. As a result, ADF, DME and even a second VOR or barometric altimeter (mentioned nowhere) would no longer be required to have a Part-NCO plane IFR certified. I don't understand all of the ins and outs of their system, but it appears to be an IFR "lite" proposal. Tom, please read These local requirements have been supplemented by a European wide regulation. Civil Aviation Order 20.18 (as amended). In addition, the student will learn IFR flight planning and emergency procedures and develop a greater understanding of the decision making process. These means depend on the requested means as seen on the IAC charts of the intended destination or alternate. You will also learn how air traffic control systems function and the use of instrument flight charts for IFR planning and flight. This compilation was prepared on 9 February 2012 taking into account amendments up to Civil Aviation Order 20.18 Amendment Instrument 2011 (No. INSTRUMENTS, DATA AND EQUIPMENT ... For IFR, an OAT indicator and pitot heat are required in addition to the VFR night kit. TL 2.28 Night IFR assessment Issue 2 Page 1 of 31. The ops limits will state that after Phase 1 flight testing is complete, (usually 40 hours) authorized flight is VFR day only unless the aircraft is equipped for night or instrument flight in accordance with FAR 91.205. 1A.2 This instrument may be cited as Civil Aviation Order 20.18. In the latest SERA and AMC&GM to Annex VII (Part-NCO) publications, the list of instruments being required for IFR flight is surprisingly limited. EASA Certification Specification for Airborne Communications, Navigation and Surveillance (CS-ACNS), providing the avionics certification documentation in line with regulation EU No 1207/2011, is expected to be published late 2013. 1A Name of instrument 1A.1 This instrument is the Civil Aviation Order 20.18 (Aircraft equipment — basic operational requirements) Instrument 2014. Something that is often not available nor on the STC list on general aviation airplanes. In a non-EASA aircraft, which is subject to the equipment list in the ANO, then 1xCom and 1xNav in a single box is sufficient unless the aircraft is used for IFR training (or any other public transport operation) in which case a second Nav is required. You are not allowed to comment on content in a group you are not member of. Remember that, in order to legally operate this equipment under IFR, you must also comply with the maintenance and testing requirements of parts 91.411 (for altimeter and altitude reporting equipment), and 91.413 (for the transponder). J. GONÇALVES 2018 29. 2 • Single Engine IFR Concept Paper –One input to the policy statement, among many other drivers • Policy vs. Rulemaking: –27.1309 is a performance based rule. In terms of Commission Regulation (EU) No 139/2014, we are covering … (1) equipment for making the distress signals; (2) life-rafts in sufficient numbers to carry all persons on board, stowed so as to facilitate their ready use in emergency; and (3) life-saving equipment, to provide the means of sustaining life, as appropriate to the flight to be undertaken. made under regulations 207 and 232A of the Civil Aviation Regulations 1988.. Keywords are : operational needs, and safety. CFR ; prev | next § 91.171 VOR equipment check for IFR operations. This means that instruments such as VOR, DME or ADF are no longer required just because an aircraft is flying IFR in controlled airspace. EASA has some different ideas on takeoff minimums for Private/GA operations. 2).. (2) Two-way radio communication and navigation equipment suitable for the route to be flown. if you're only going to perform GPS approaches you only need an IFR GPS. 1A.3 A reference in an instrument to section 20.18 of the Civil Aviation Orders is taken to be a reference to this instrument. - Second, you have to consider also your own safety, do you feel OK to fly in the clouds with only the minimum required, even if it is legal ?? The conclusion seems to be that the equipment needs to match the requirements of the flight, i.e. Their goal is to get more pilots filing and flying in the IFR system. Seems valid for GPS approaches. Even if it was an AMC, you could use an alternative means of compliance, as per NCO.GEN.101, by cracking the window of the altimeter or VSI (as long as a functioning one remains). Yes i think you are right, the equipment list is minimal. I'm not advocating flying IFR with only a GPS but I think it is a good evolution that that list can be reduced. if you're only going to perform GPS approaches you only need an IFR GPS. Handheld radio approval. Seems OK to me! The transponder equipage is now mandatory for flights conducted as Instrument Flight Rules (IFR)/General Air Traffic (GAT) in the airspace of many European States and also for Visual Flight Rules (VFR)flights in some designated airspaces. For approval of equipment to be installed in EASA aircraft, applications must be made directly to EASA. Applies to all IFR flights … Hope this helps. Am I missing something? At the same time, the aerodrome team at EASA prepared the certification specifications (CS) for aerodrome design, based on annex 14 of ICAO. . Put another way, it's another fine b*gg*rs muddle 5.1 Rules applicable to all IFR flights 5.1.1 Aircraft equipment Aircraft shall be equipped with suitable instruments and with navigation equipment appropriate to the route to be flown. First class medical certificate or Class 2 medical certificate with audio extension, IR(A) allows you to fly in any kind of weather including low visibility weather conditions or in clouds and even above, IR(A) is a must for professional airline pilots, Instrument Rating is also one of the most useful ratings for private pilots, especially during long-distance flights, to be at least Class 2 Medical with audio extension holder, to fly at least 50 hours cross-country as Pilot-in-Command, to have sufficient knowledge of Mathematics and Physics, Basic instrument flight without external visual references (horizontal flights, climbing, descending, turns in, Recognition and recovery from incipient and full stalls, Pre-flight procedures for IFR flights, including the use of the flight manual and appropriate air traffic services documents in the preparation of an IFR flight plan, Procedure and manoeuvres for IFR operation under normal, abnormal and emergency conditions, Transition from visual to instrument flight on takeoff standard instrument departures and arrivals, Instrument approaches to specified minimal, Landings from instrument approaches, including circling to land, In flight maneuvers and particular flight characteristics. Learn more about complete training fees. The theoretical training is provided in a form of ground briefings/debriefings to help you understand what will be expected from you in the following flight. I agree if more competent IFR rated pilots leveraged the system on every cross country flight, safety would be enhanced. So you only require an oral test and flight test in European airspace to be issued your EASA IR. Pre Course Requirements . Certification required al lot of equipment, including second altimeter, second comms, two VORs, ILS, a DME and an ADF. AIS charts list takeoff minimums only for the runways at airports that have other than standard minimums. European Aviation Safety Agency-Very Light Airplane standards prescribe the airworthiness criteria leading to issuance of a TC as instituted by the European Aviation Safety Agency (EASA) for certain very light airplanes. [~2058] that's correct, the pressure inside the cabin will cause an error of a couple hundred feet, which must be taken into account (even with an installed alternate static source that is usually inside the cockpit on our small airplanes). I also understand that if you're in full VMC conditions, the contingency action can be to switch to VFR for a safe landing. 00.03 draft 2017-02-28 3.2.2 M. Mlynarik IFR regulative requirements of the EASA NPA documents 00.04 draft 2017-03-01 all M. I. Costa Consolidated draft In the latest SERA and AMC&GM to Annex VII (Part-NCO) publications, the list of instruments being required for IFR flight is surprisingly limited. Please note that if you hold a CPL(A) or are in receipt of a Course Completion Certificate for the Basic Instrument Flight Module you can follow a 40 hour course. May 8, 2012 2 Part FCL does not allow the revalidation of the EASA instrument rating in the previous experience basis. With step 1 and 2 complete, you now only require 50 hours of PIC IFR time in your log book to be exempt the 7 EASA written exams and training. PBN OPERATIONS (a) No person may operate a civil aircraft under IFR using the VOR system of radio navigation unless the VOR equipment of that aircraft - We highly recommend that students make sure they can pass this medical test before starting the training and investing their money. NCO.OP.142 Destination aerodromes – instrument approach operations, My understanding is that if you fly with IFR GPS, you need to have non GPS navigation means to perform your route to the destination aerodrome or alternate aerodrome. CAP 747 - 'Mandatory Requirements for Airworthiness' contains the list of specific EASA and non-EASA aircraft types. Flight training consists of two modules – basic instrument flight module (BIFM) and procedural instrument flight module for a total of 50 flight hours if you are not Commercial Pilot License, CPL(A) holder yet or 40 hours if you are already a CPL(A) holder. Tom, your reading seems correct to me, the mandatory equipment level is very low, and there is no such thing as a "certified IFR" plane, The change means that aircraft flying on IFR private flights do not necessarily need to comply with the equipment levels laid out in Schedule 5 of the Air Navigation Order. The pilot-in-command may only select an aerodrome as a destination alternate aerodrome if an instrument approach procedure that does not rely on GNSS is available either at that aerodrome or at the destination aerodrome.". The initial EASA PART-MED Class 1 medical is demanding and many pilots have found themselves facing difficulties meeting the requirements. CS-VLA. Theoretical knowledge: You will need to pass the relevant theoretical knowledge exams within an 18 month period. The additional requirement of NCO.IDE.A.195 confirms that alternate means of navigation is mandatory in case of failure of one equipment to continue you route. No need for rule making to make adjustments. … You will learn the principles of instrument flying, including the operation, use, and limitations of flight instruments and instrument navigation systems. But if a missed approach mentions DME or ADF, then the equipment becomes mandatory. Since 2010, the Agency has prepared the implementing rules, acceptable means of compliance to the implementing rules (AMC) and related guidance material (GM) for the aerodrome domain. Cessna C525 Citation), or … The basis for these National regulations can be found within Annex 6 of the International Civil Aviation Organisation (ICAO) Standards and Recommended Practices (SARPS). According to the aerodromes, you'll need either VOR, DME, ADF…. EASA operations regulations “Part-NCO”applicable to most light ... applicable airworthiness requirements. ... To define the rules contained in this Technical Leaflet, all of the relevant requirements of EASA ... Certified and approved equipment will be supplied with an EASA Form 1, or an equivalent such as an FAA 8130-3. BUT remember two points: Also see specification RTCA DO 229C and FAA TSO C145/146A Deployment status and plans available on the PBN Approach map See EASA AMC 20-28 and FAA Equipment Requirement ECAC Airspace Requirement Airworthiness or Operational Requirement Remarks SBAS APV (flown to LPV minima) Requirements for SBAS receivers are contained in ICAO annex 10 Volume 1. Page 12 - fuel reserves for IFR are now aligned with the FAA Part 91 regs (dest, alt, 45 mins) where an alternate is required (which is most of the time, realistically) Page 14 - any source can be used for a weather briefing (no need to use "approved" websites) That's actually in a Guidance Material, not an AMC. Procedure of the revalidation of the EASA instrument rating IR(A) is defined by the Regulation (EC) 1178/2011, Part FCL, Subpart G, Section 1, paragraph FCL.625(c). With the introduction of Part-NCO, changes to the practices of the previous equipment requirements for the respective flight operations (VFR, VFR night, IFR) are taking place. Instrument Flight Rules § 91.171 VOR equipment check for IFR operations. [~93] cracking the instrument window taps into the static pressure of the cockpit, which does not meet accuracy requirements. least Class 2 Medical with audio extension holderYou need to be physically fit for flying (capable of holding a First class medical certificate or Class 2 medical certificate with audio extension). A G1000 equiped C172 of my club was not certifyable because an ADF was missing, so this showstopper has now gone. Therefore IFR flight seems possible in full VMC with only one IFR approved GPS. Denis, thank you for pointing that out, particularly NCO.OP.142: "Destination aerodromes — instrument approach operations The National Aviation Authority, often referred to as the "Regulator" or "Regualating … If you are completing a multi-engine IR(A) course but don’t hold a multi-engine aeroplane class or type rating you will need to complete the training requirements for this type of aircraft before you start the IR(A) course. Would like to know what the mimimum equipment requirements under these two are for conducting a IFR flight is, both in terms on Comms and Instruments required. Prepare your flight according to the regulation including weather, flight planning, alternate, performances and you will be interrogated by your examiner on all these points. required to use EASA procedures and EU implementing rules. Contact an Approved AME (Aero-Medical Examiner) for further details. Seems very pragmatic and in line with what happens in the USA. EASA AIR OPS, CAT.IDE.A.345 Communication and navigation equipment for operations under IFR or under VFR over routes not navigated by reference to visual landmarks Hold an EASA PPL(A) (CPL holders see note below) 50hrs cross-country flight time as PIC (min 10hrs in aeroplanes) Passed the IR/ATPL theory exams. Minimum Equipment for IFR Hi all I appreciate this has been asked a million times but I'm struggling to get a straight answer. NCO.OP.140 Destination alternate aerodromes – aeroplanes The briefings are divided into 3 stages. In my aircraft the inside pressure is 300ft off. Some products will remain under NAA design oversight as well. They suggest this will improve the overall safety of GA. Requirements: 50 hours of PIC cross country time. So it isn't required. On the other hand, the AMC requires an alternate static air pressure system. Note that the requirements of 91.413 apply even if the aircraft is operated only under VFR. You may want to add a few goodies for your own "comfort", and I will not blame you.. Prepared by the Legislative Drafting Branch, Legal Services Division, Civil Aviation Safety Authority, Canberra. For IFR flight, the following instruments and equipment are required: (1) Instruments and equipment specified in paragraph (b) of this section, and, for night flight, instruments and equipment specified in paragraph (c) of this section. That regulation defines the instrument and equipment requirements for VFR, IFR, day and night. The reason I asked the original question is that in my country (Belgium), at least until superseded by EASA, aircraft were indeed certified for IFR operations and it was not allowed to fly IFR in non-certified planes. Has anyone the same understanding?